Jump to navigation Jump to search « ICD » redirects here. Its full official name is International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. The ICD is published by the WHO and used worldwide for morbidity and mortality statistics, reimbursement systems, and automated decision support in health care. This system is guide Pharmaco PDF to promote international comparability in the collection, processing, classification, and presentation of these statistics.
Ce guide pratique de pharmacologie vous propose : les connaissances nécessaires à la compréhension de la démarche thérapeutique ; des informations indispensables pour de bonnes conditions de délivrance, d’administration, de surveillance des traitements médicamenteux ; des réponses précises aux questions que se posent les professionnels dans la pratique quotidienne de leur métier. L’ouvrage se découpe en trois parties immédiatement repérables : les Bases théoriques abordent la législation pharmaceutique, la pharmacie galénique, la pharmacocinétique, l’activité, la toxicité, les interactions et la posologie des médicaments ; les Grandes classes médicamenteuses traitent des stratégies thérapeutiques et offrent, pour chaque chapitre, des rubriques » Soins infirmiers » et » Conseils au patient » ; la Thérapeutique aborde de façon pragmatique et sous un angle plus clinique la place des médicaments dans le traitement des différentes pathologies. Une table des matières détaillée, des annexes et un index complètent cet ouvrage indispensable.
The ICD is revised periodically and is currently in its 10th revision. ICD-10, as it is therefore known, is from 1992 and the WHO publishes annual minor updates and triennial major updates. This section needs additional citations for verification. In 1860, during the international statistical congress held in London, Florence Nightingale made a proposal that was to result in the development of the first model of systemic collection of hospital data. A number of countries adopted Bertillon’s system, which was based on the principle of distinguishing between general diseases and those localized to a particular organ or anatomical site, as used by the City of Paris for classifying deaths. Subsequent revisions represented a synthesis of English, German, and Swiss classifications, expanding from the original 44 titles to 161 titles. The revisions that followed contained minor changes, until the sixth revision of the classification system.
With the sixth revision, the classification system expanded to two volumes. The ICD is currently the most widely used statistical classification system for diseases in the world. In addition, some countries—including Australia, Canada, and the United States—have developed their own adaptations of ICD, with more procedure codes for classification of operative or diagnostic procedures. The ICD-6, published in 1949, was the first to be shaped to become suitable for morbidity reporting. Accordingly, the name changed from International List of Causes of Death to International Statistical Classification of Diseases.
The combined code section for injuries and their associated accidents was split into two, a chapter for injuries, and a chapter for their external causes. The international Conference for the Seventh Revision of the International Classification of Diseases was held in Paris under the auspices of WHO in February 1955. In accordance with a recommendation of the WHO Expert Committee on Health Statistics, this revision was limited to essential changes and amendments of errors and inconsistencies. The 8th Revision Conference convened by WHO met in Geneva, from 6 to 12 July 1965. This revision was more radical than the Seventh but left unchanged the basic structure of the Classification and the general philosophy of classifying diseases, whenever possible, according to their etiology rather than a particular manifestation.