Haute-Saône is divided into 2 arrondissements and 17 cantons. The department was created in the early years of the French Haute-Savoie : 1/200000 PDF through the application of a law dated 22 December 1789, from part of the former province of Franche-Comté. Haute-Saône is part of the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region.
The department can be presented as a transitional territory positioned between several of the more depressed departments of eastern France and the so-called Blue Banana zone characterised, in recent decades by relatively powerful economic growth. The department is overwhelmingly rural, despite the area having been at the forefront of industrialisation in the eighteenth century. The industrial tradition endures, but industrial businesses tend to be on a small scale. The baseline on this graph is set at 200,000 people, and the increments represented by the horizontal grid lines are of 10,000. In common with many rural departments in France, Haute-Saône has experienced a savage reduction in population, from nearly 350,000 in the middle of the nineteenth century to barely 200,000 on the eve of the Second World War, as people migrated to newly industrialising population centres, often outside Metropolitan France. During the second half of the twentieth century the mass mobility conferred by the surge in automobile ownership permitted some recovery of the population figure to approximately 234,000 in 2004.
The rural nature of the department is highlighted by the absence of large towns and cities. Even the department’s capital, Vesoul, still had a population below 20,000 in 2010. Jump to navigation Jump to search This article is about a department of France. For the cheese, see Cantal cheese. Rhue D679 pont Faux Monnayeurs aval. Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of France, with its prefecture in Aurillac.
Cantal lies in the middle of France’s central plateau. The Cantal range is a group of extinct and eroded volcanic peaks. The climate of the department varies considerably. The west is subject to oceanic winds which bring rains. The mountains of the Cantal and the Cézallier create a rain shadow: it rains and snows quite often. The Planèze of Saint-Flour and the region of Massiac receive less precipitation, owing to winds coming from the north and south.