Mahomet et Charlemagne PDF

Jump to navigation Jump mahomet et Charlemagne PDF search This article is about the Frankish ruler. After establishing unity in Gaul, Charles’ attention was called to foreign conflicts with the Islamic advance into Western Europe a foremost concern.


Sans Mahomet, Charlemagne n aurait jamais été empereur ! De quand date vraiment la chute de Rome ? Pourquoi passe-t-on de l Antiquité au Moyen Âge ? À ce vieux débat, Henri Pirenne apporte une réponse révolutionnaire : au VIIe siècle, la disparition du monde romain n est pas le fait des invasions germaniques, mais de l incursion de l islam en Méditerranée, un nouveau pouvoir qui interrompt les échanges pluriséculaires entre Orient et Occident. Isolés, la papauté et le monde franc ont été contraints de se recomposer en chrétienté autonome. À la fois séduisante, provocatrice et accessible, la thèse de Henri Pirenne a suscité de nombreuses vocations chez les historiens, les archéologues ou les économistes. Adulée ou contestée, cette étude fondatrice, devenue un classique, alimente aujourd hui plus que jamais le débat.

Apart from his military endeavours, Charles is considered to be a founding figure of the European Middle Ages. He divided Francia between his sons, Carloman and Pepin. The latter became the first of the Carolingians. Charles, nicknamed « Martel », or « the Hammer », in later chronicles, was the son of Pepin of Herstal and his second wife Alpaida.

In older historiography, it was common to describe Charles as « illegitimate ». This is still widely repeated in popular culture today. But, polygamy was a legitimate Frankish practice at the time and it is unlikely that Charles was considered « illegitimate ». It is likely that the interpretation of « illegitimacy » derives from the desire of Pepin’s first wife Plectrude to see her progeny as heirs to Pepin’s power. Merovingians effectively ceded power to the Pippinid Mayors of the Palace, who ruled the Frankish realm of Austrasia in all but name.

They controlled the royal treasury, dispensed patronage, and granted land and privileges in the name of the figurehead king. The Frankish kingdoms at the time of the death of Pepin of Heristal. Arnulfing dominance of the highest offices. Arnulfing mayor, first Theudoald then Charles. The German duchies to the east of the Rhine were de facto outside of Frankish suzerainty at this time.