Mohand le harki PDF

Arabic harka, standard Mohand le harki PDF haraka حركة, « war party » or « movement », i. 1962 – and to their metropolitan-born descendants. In this sense, the term Harki refers to a social group – a fraction of the French Muslims of Algerian Descent – as distinct from other French of Algerian origin or from Algerians living in France.


En novembre 2001, Philippe Janard, ancien ministre du général de Gaulle, est invité sur un plateau de télévision pour évoquer ses mémoires, qui vont être édités. Interrogé sur les accords d’Evian, l’homme ne manifeste ni regrets, ni remords, ni compassion quand il évoque le sort des harkis. Pire : il traîne leur souvenir dans la boue.
Mohand, un vieil homme de soixante ans, est amené à dresser un amer bilan de son existence tout en regardant la prestation de Philippe Janard. Mohand s’est engagé dans l’armée française en 1960, après le massacre de sa famille par les membres du FLN ; il s’est embarqué pour Marseille avec femme et enfants à la fin de la guerre d’Algérie ; au fil des années, ses enfants, à qui il n’a pu expliquer son combat ni le sort qui lui était fait, se sont éloignés de lui, et maintenant il vient d’enterrer son épouse… Dévoré de haine et de révolte, Mohand exhume d’une vieille malle ses armes de guerre et décide de prendre Philippe Janard en otage… Un roman poignant qui reconstitue l’insupportable vérité de cette période noire, absente des livres d’histoire.

Paris wanted to avoid their massive resettlement in France. Early arrivals were interred in remote detainee camps and were victimized by endemic racism. In 2012, 800,000 Harkis, Pied-Noirs and their descendants over the age of 18 lived in France. A World War II Harki veteran, French Algeria, c. With the outbreak of the Algerian War in 1954, the loyalty of the Muslim Algerian soldiers to France inevitably came under heavy strain. Some of the regular units were transferred from Algeria to France or Germany following increased incidences of desertion or small-scale mutiny. As a partial replacement, the French administration recruited the Harkis as irregular militia based in their home villages or towns throughout Algeria.

Initially raised as self-defence units, the Harkis, from 1956 on, increasingly served alongside the French Army in the field. Hure, by 1960 approximately 150,000 Muslim Algerians served in the French Army or as auxiliaries. According to US Army data, possibly compiled at a different date, the Harkis numbered about 180,000, more than the total FLN effectives. The French used the Harkis as guerrilla-style units, though mostly in conventional formations. They generally served either in all-Algerian units commanded by French officers or in mixed units.

Others were employed in platoon- or below-sized units attached to French battalions. The Harkis had mixed motives for working with the French. Unemployment was wide-spread amongst the Muslim population, especially in rural districts. Algerians enrolled in the Harkis to avenge the deaths of relatives who had been political opponents of the FLN. Others defected from the FLN rebel forces, persuaded by one means or another to change sides.