Raphaël PDF

Un article de Raphaël PDF, l’encyclopédie libre. Cet article est une ébauche concernant la religion.


Peintre et architecte de la Haute Renaissance italienne, Raphaël (1483-1520), était aussi bien en phase avec son temps que visionnaire. L’œuvre du maître de la Renaissance, artiste des cours royales européennes et de la cour papale romaine, comprend des thèmes variés de théologie et de philosophie, ainsi que de nombreuses représentations de Madones. Son entourage et ses expériences lui ont permis de combiner des idéaux humanistes avec des idéaux religieux, et l’ont convaincu que l’art était le meilleur moyen pour révéler la beauté de la nature.

L’archange Raphaël et Tobie par Antonio Pollaiolo, galerie Sabauda, Turin. Dans le livre de Tobit, Raphaël est envoyé par Dieu pour guérir la cécité de Tobit, le père de Tobie, et l’aider à rencontrer Sarah afin d’assurer la descendance d’Abraham. Il accompagne également le jeune Tobie dans son voyage. L’Église honore saint Raphaël comme le patron des  voyageurs sur terre, sur mer et dans les airs .

Saint Raphaël fait partie des archanges, avec Saint Michel et Saint Gabriel. Selon la tradition musulmane, il a un rôle bien différent puisqu’il est l’ange qui soufflera trois fois dans une trompe à effet d’annoncer le Jugement Dernier. Pisanello, Monument à Niccolò Brenzoni, San Fermo Maggiore in Verona. Bartolomé Román, Pinacoteca de la Iglesia de San Pedro de Lima. Rechercher les pages comportant ce texte.

La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 27 août 2018 à 16:54. Jump to navigation Jump to search For other uses, see Saint-Raphaël. Immediately to the west of Saint-Raphaël lies another, older, town called Fréjus, and together they form an urban agglomeration known as Fréjus Saint-Raphaël. The Var lies in the region called Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur, often abbreviated to PACA. In the second half of the nineteenth century the township came under the influence of mayor Felix Martin and writer Alphonse Karr, and owing to their efforts and its beneficial climate the commune developed into a seaside resort popular with artists, sportsmen and politicians.

It is the headquarters of the Fréjus Saint-Raphaël canton, which is the economic and cultural center of eastern Var and lies in the arrondissement of Draguignan. Its inhabitants are called Raphaëlois in French generally, or Rafelencs in Provençal Occitan. In 1799 Napoleon Bonaparte and his forces arrived by ship from Egypt, prior to his coup d’état in Paris, and landed at a fishing village that was the commune of Saint-Raphaël. The coastal double-track rail link between Saint-Raphaël and Nice passes over a substantial viaduct constructed right on the shoreline at Anthéor. These tracks were of strategic importance to the Axis forces during World War II for supplying material to units in France.

There were three separate air raids made on this viaduct from England, between September 1943 and February 1944, involving a total of thirty-one Lancaster bombers operating some seven hundred miles from base. Aircraft of the second raid flew on to Rabat, and from the third raid on to Sardinia. One Lancaster from the first raid was lost, and a flight lieutenant bomb aimer on the third raid was killed by enemy fire, some of which came from ships at sea. During World War II, on August 15, 1944, it was one of the sites of a beach landing in Operation Dragoon, the Allied invasion of southern France. Saint-Raphaël is located at the extreme eastern end of the Var, along the border with the adjacent département of Alpes-Maritimes, which occupies the far south-eastern corner of France at the frontier with Italy. Mediterranean coastline, owing mainly to the many coves and creeks formed between the natural region of the Esterel Massif and the sea. Le Dramont, and the fourth at Agay.

There are two smaller ones at Anthéor and Le Trayas. Saint-Raphaël is separated from Fréjus by the River Pédégal: fed by the Garonne, the Adrets-of-l’Esterel, Saint-Jean-de-Cannes and Saint-Jean-de-l’Esterel. The River Agay flows from the mountains down through the village of that name, and is fed by the streams Cabre, Perthus and Grenouillet. From east to west the commune has several mountain summits rising from the massif. Situated almost entirely on the Esterel Massif, the commune sits on soil of red porphyr, which makes for very picturesque scenes along the coast where the soil and rocks are exposed on cliff faces and rocky shores. Immediately to the west and north-west of Saint-Raphaël lies the ancient town of Fréjus. To the north lie the hamlets of Saint-Jean-de-l’Esterel et Saint-Jean-de-Cannes, both within the Fréjus commune.