The Uffizi Gallery, the most visited museum in Italy. View of the Palazzo Vecchio, in Florence. There are many types of museums, including art museums, natural history museums, science museums, some Monuments of the Old Kingdom : In the Field Museum of Natural History Chicago PDF museums, and children’s museums.
The State Historical Museum in Moscow. The purpose of modern museums is to collect, preserve, interpret, and display items of artistic, cultural, or scientific significance for the education of the public. From a visitor or community perspective, the purpose can also depend on one’s point of view. A trip to a local history museum or large city art museum can be an entertaining and enlightening way to spend the day. Museums of natural history in the late 19th century exemplified the Victorian desire for consumption and for order. Gathering all examples of each classification of a field of knowledge for research and for display was the purpose.
As American colleges grew in the 19th century, they developed their own natural history collections for the use of their students. Museum purposes vary from institution to institution. Some favor education over conservation, or vice versa. For example, in the 1970s, the Canada Science and Technology Museum favored education over preservation of their objects. They displayed objects as well as their functions. An example of a very small museum: A maritime museum located in the village of Bolungarvík, Vestfirðir, Iceland showing a 19th-century fishing base: typical boat of the period and associated industrial buildings. This section lists the 20 most visited museums in 2015 as compiled by AECOM and the Themed Entertainment Association’s annual report on the world’s most visited attractions.
Early museums began as the private collections of wealthy individuals, families or institutions of art and rare or curious natural objects and artifacts. These were often displayed in so-called wonder rooms or cabinets of curiosities. Public access to these museums was often possible for the « respectable », especially to private art collections, but at the whim of the owner and his staff. One way that elite men during this time period gained a higher social status in the world of elites was by becoming a collector of these curious objects and displaying them.